You’re reading a copy of this week’s edition of the New Cannabis Ventures weekly newsletter, which we have been publishing since October 2015. The newsletter includes unique insight to help our readers stay ahead of the curve as well as links to the week’s most important news.
Since September, we have been detailing the challenges the sector faces with respect to raising capital, a situation set in motion by the vaping crisis and then exponentially magnified by the pandemic. Many operators, both public and private, are burdened with debt and facing an existential threat. Investors in public companies have shied away from both Canadian and U.S. operators with near-term debt maturities that are challenging to address, leaving the equity price under selling pressure.
Companies facing debt maturities have several options:
- Sell stock to repay existing debt holders
- Convince the debt holders to take equity
- Raise additional debt capital
- Sell assets
- File for creditor protection
While Aphria wasn’t facing any near-term liquidity issue, the company was extremely proactive addressing a weakness in its balance sheet. Recall that the company issued debt last April, selling US$350 million 5.25% convertible debt in a private placement, with a maturity of 2024. The bonds were convertible at US$9.38, then a 20% premium to the price but, more recently, more than 2X where the stock was trading.
On Friday, the company announced what we think is an extremely smart deal to repurchase 26% of the debt at a big discount. Specifically, it paid US$2.1 million to cover accrued and unpaid interest and issued 18.7 million shares to retire $90.8 million of the bonds, effectively US$4.84 per share, a 31% premium to its recent closing price. To be clear, the debt holders received stock valued at about $69 million, a discount of 24%.
In hindsight, the company would have been better off a year ago selling stock rather than issuing convertible debt, but this transaction reduces debt, improves net cash and lowers interest expense. Shareholders didn’t appreciate these benefits initially, as the stock sold off and ended the day down almost 7%. The best explanations of why the stock declined are that the increased share count is seen as dilution (the 18.7 million shares boosted shares outstanding by 7%) and, perhaps more importantly, that most likely a portion of the stock issued hit the market.
We were a bit surprised that the debt holders agreed to do the deal, so we reached out to the company to gain a better understanding.
The bonds had apparently been trading at about sixty-one cents on the dollar, so this transaction enabled the shareholders to exit the bonds at a higher price, effectively. As the bonds are privately traded, pricing data isn’t readily available to the public. For the debt holders to lose, the stock would have to decline to US$2.96.
So, why is this such a big deal?
We see a path to debt reduction through similar negotiated transactions across the sector. There are several Canadian LPs and U.S. operators with out-of-the-money convertible debt that need to address the maturity over the next 12 to 24 months, depending upon the issuer. Debt holders for some publicly traded convertible notes and presumably private placement convertible notes as well are willing to sell for very low prices, and companies, rather than trying to figure out how to repay them in full, should access capital to buy back the discounted debt or negotiate equity settlement, as Aphria did. Just chipping away over time could help the equity improve as the debt appears to become more manageable, decreasing the risk of a default at maturity, as relying upon other solutions becomes more tractable.
We are encouraged to see Aphria and some of its debt holders create a win-win scenario through the transaction announced Friday, and we are hopeful that holders of debt in other companies will take back reduced principal, effectively, a move that may save many companies that are otherwise executing operationally.
With the recent change in its laws, Colorado is now open to publicly-traded company ownership. A first-mover is Medicine Man Technologies, now doing business as Schwazze, which has closed its first acquisition and is in the process of closing several others to create a very large roll-up in the state. Led by management that played a big role in the turnaround of Albertsons, it is focused on being the nation’s largest vertically integrated cannabis holding companies.
Get up to speed by visiting the Schwazze Investor Dashboard that we maintain on their behalf as a client of New Cannabis Ventures. Click the blue Follow Company button in order to stay up to date with their progress.
New Cannabis Ventures publishes curated articles as well as exclusive news. Here is some of the most interesting business content from this week:
To get real-time updates download our free mobile app for Android or Apple devices, like our Facebook page, or follow Alan on Twitter. Share and discover industry news with like-minded people on the largest cannabis investor and entrepreneur group on LinkedIn.
Get ahead of the crowd! If you are a cannabis investor and find value in our Sunday newsletters, subscribe to 420 Investor, Alan’s comprehensive stock due diligence platform since 2013. Gain immediate access to real-time and in-depth information and market intelligence about the publicly traded cannabis sector, including daily videos, weekly chats, model portfolios, a community forum and much more.
Use the suite of professionally managed NCV Cannabis Stock Indices to monitor the performance of publicly-traded cannabis companies within the day or over longer time-frames. In addition to the comprehensive Global Cannabis Stock Index, we offer a family of indices to track Canadian licensed producers as well as the American Cannabis Operator Index.
View the Public Cannabis Company Revenue & Income Tracker, which ranks the top revenue producing cannabis stocks that generate industry sales of more than US$7.5M per quarter.
Stay on top of some of the most important communications from public companies by viewing upcoming cannabis investor earnings conference calls.
Discover upcoming new listings with the curated Cannabis Stock IPOs and New Issues Tracker.
Alan & Joel